Family Team News

Register for March for Babies at

Monday, June 22, 2015

Rotavirus vaccine drastically reduces childhood hospitalizations

A colleague was recently telling us about the time her 18 month old daughter was hospitalized for two days due to severe dehydration. She had been experiencing diarrhea and vomiting for a few days and it unfortunately progressed to the point where she needed medical intervention. Her illness was caused by rotavirus. Fortunately since 2006 a vaccine has been available that prevents rotavirus and new research shows how effective the vaccine has been at reducing hospitalizations.

According to the American Academy of Pediatrics, every year prior to the rotavirus vaccine being available:
• More than 400,000 young children had to see a doctor for illness caused by rotavirus,
• More than 200,000 had to go to the emergency room,
• 55,000 to 70,000 had to be hospitalized, and
• 20 to 60 died.

A study that was recently published shows that since the vaccine has been available, there has been a significant drop in the number of young children hospitalized with diarrhea, vomiting, and dehydration. After vaccination began, hospitalization rates for rotavirus fell by 70 percent in 2008, 63 percent in 2009, 90 percent in 2010 and 94 percent in 2012.

While the vaccine protects individual children from getting rotavirus, herd immunity also plays an important role. According to the study’s researchers, “Herd immunity occurs when a child’s chance of coming into contact with a germ drops because so many other people are also immune to the bug, and are therefore not passing it on.” Since infants are routinely vaccinated against rotavirus, the virus is no longer as common as it once was. As a result, children who cannot be vaccinated because of allergies or underlying medical conditions are protected from getting the virus as well.

The rotavirus vaccine is given in either two or three doses at 2, 4, and 6 months (if necessary) of age. Your baby should get the first dose of rotavirus vaccine before 15 weeks of age, and the last by age 8 months. Although the vaccine prevents diarrhea associated with rotavirus, it will not prevent diarrhea or vomiting caused by other germs. So proper hand-washing is still important.

Questions?  Send them to

No comments: